Controlled Environment Agriculture
Hydroponic System is a system of growing crops without soil, often called soilless farming. It is one among the top 5 sustainable and eco- friendly farming practices in the agriculture environment. In this controlled environment agriculture (CEA) methodology the negative aspects of environment destruction which are associated with modern agriculture techniques are mitigated to a large extent.
The main aim of cea agriculture is to provide protection and maintain optimal growing conditions throughout the growth stages of the plant. The controlled agriculture environment sustained in a hydroponic system ensures proper amount of water and nutrients are delivered to the root zone. All the types of controlled environment agriculture systems which also include aeroponics, aquaponics, aquaculture aim to control diseases and pests, increase efficiency, be more sustainable, increase yields and save costs.
Indoor farming involves growing of crops or plants on large scale entirely indoors mostly utilising various controlled environment farming methods. However, not all indoor farms are built on such a large scale. Some indoor farms can be created in an area as small as a basement and used by a single gardener to provide fresh produce for their home. Efficient control of parameters in an indoor farm ensures more productivity and profitability. Indoor growing also represents benefits to consumers by increasing food accessibility. When space needs are slashed and outdoor environment (or climate) is no longer enforcing limits, farms can be located anywhere. Thus, the tangible benefits of indoor farming are as follows:
- More people are able to start farms
- We can move production closer to the consumer, which delivers better value
- Farmers can produce consistent value and volume throughout the entire year