Controlled Environment Agriculture (CEA)

In a CEA system, plants are grown throughout the year by controlling the key parameters of air temperature, relative
humidity, VPD, evapotranspiration, carbon dioxide concentrations and light availability. CEA ensures higher food
production vis-a-vis efforts required and enables cultivation even in areas with degraded soil. Vertical farming is an
environmentally suitable solution to increase productivity per area as stacked layers of planting can be configured to suit
the scale of the grow operation.

CEA is meant to avoid this by allowing the farmer complete control over the whole growth process, beginning with the nutritional content of the soil and the amount of light and water the plants receive. This isn’t a brand-new notion; it’s a variation of CEA that’s been around for a long time. We’re learning more and more about growing food as humans get wiser, and our CEA techniques are becoming more complex.

Why Controlled Environment Agriculture (CEA)

Today’s global population stands at 7.8 billion, and by 2050, it is expected to reach 9.7 billion. The current prediction is that we will need to increase global food production by up to 70% to feed everyone. To make matters worse, we will need an extra 20% of land to achieve this using current farming practices.

Climate change is already affecting farmers across the globe with extreme weather patterns, including flooding and heatwaves, increasing in both frequency and intensity.

CEA can help take positive steps towards a more sustainable, and profitable, future by reducing water consumption, the need for chemical intervention, logistics and land usage. In fact, farmers in Saudi Arabia are using CEA to grow fresh produce where it would be close to impossible in the country’s scorching outdoor temperatures and is ideally suited due to abundant sunlight for solar energy.

Benefits of CEA

Controlled Environment Agriculture (CEA)

Plant Factory Artificial Lighting (PFAL)

The Fully Controlled Plant Factory, re-engineered shipping containers, are modular and portable vertical production environments for growing a wide range of greens, across any weather conditions. The Axalyn Plant Factory enables growers to achieve constant production of vegetables all year around. The Plant Factory utilizes artificial control of light, temperature, moisture and carbon dioxide concentrations to enable quality and consistency.

Plant Factory Under Natural Lighting (PFNL)

PFNL is an aerated structure designed with a transparent material, in which the crops can be grown in partially controlled climatic conditions.  A typical PFNL plant factory is made of a translucent material that allows sunlight to enter through films for the process of photosynthesis. The main purpose of the structure is to maintain a favorable indoor climate while making the most out of natural resources like sunlight. It is a solution for alternative farming that generates good yield, quality produce, and better incomes for the farming community.

CEA is to provide protection and maintain optimal growing conditions throughout the growth stages of the plant. In a CEA system, plants are grown throughout the year by controlling the key parameters of air temperature, relative humidity, VPD, evapotranspiration, carbon dioxide concentrations and light availability. CEA ensures higher food production vis-a-vis efforts required and enables cultivation even in areas with degraded soil. Vertical farming is an environmentally suitable solution to increase productivity per area as stacked layers of planting can be configured to suit the scale of the grow operation.

Productivity

CEA increases a farm's production efficiency by shortening the growth cycle and increasing plant density

Flavor

Plants are automatically provided accurate input variables of nutrients and fertilizer dosage at predetermined intervals in the container.

Freshness

By placing container farms closer to the consumers who will consume the produce which is grown locally.

Availability

CEA eliminates the impacts of climate, location, and seasonality, allowing you to have any produce you choose at any time of year and in any area.

Traceability

Traceability ensures that the steps can be traced backwards and forwards at any point in the supply chain.This enables quick corrective actions when a food quality issue is discovered.

Water Conservation

CEA can save 70 to 90 percent more water than soil due to its efficiency. Water circulates throughout the system, allowing plants to absorb more of the water they require for active metabolism.

OUR CONTROLLED ENVIRONMENT FARM AUTOMATION SYSTEMS

Axalyn Dynamics is a business division of Cenaura Technologies and offers a range of Controlled Environment Agriculture technologies for plant factories, Indoor farms and Container farms.